There are lots of programs already supporting it, like Doom, Quake, etc. MPlayer contains a very usable driver for it. You can use some keys in the AA Window to change rendering options:. AAlib itself provides a large sum of options. Here are some important: It is not unlike the famous AAlib library. The differences with AAlib are the following: But libcaca also has the following limitations: Use the -framedrop option if your computer is not fast enough to render all frames.
Another advantage of this driver is that it tries to force TV output on. September 16, Page 70 says:. Dual-Controller Designs. VBE 3. This has the limitation of preventing simultaneous use of the independent controllers, but allows applications released before VBE 3. The VBE Function 00h Return Controller Information returns the combined information of both controllers, including the combined list of available modes. When the application selects a mode, the appropriate controller is activated. Each of the remaining VBE functions then operates on the active controller.
So you have chances to get working TV-out by using this driver.
I guess that TV-out frequently is standalone head or standalone output at least. Avoid if possible. Outputs to X11 uses shared memory extension , with no hardware acceleration at all. Most cards have hardware scaling support, use the -vo xv output for them, or -vo xmga for Matrox cards. This is where this driver comes in handy, but you need powerful CPU to use software scaling. Software scaling is very slow, you better try changing video modes instead. In addition it understands -double key as globally visible parameter.
As for -vo xvidix , currently it recognizes the following options: In this case given driver will be forced and result is unpredictable it may freeze your computer. Please tell about it to the developers. This is a security risk! Alternatively, you can use a special kernel module, like this:. There are two compiled binaries: The driver supports video equalizers and should be nearly as fast as the Matrox framebuffer 8. The driver was written and is maintained by Alastair M. It offers maximum hardware accelerated performance at a minimum of resource usage and overhead.
Always try to use the newest version of DirectFB. You can use DirectFB options on the command line, using the -dfbopts option. Layer selection can be done by the subdevice method, e. MPEG decoders 8. Configure should detect your DVB card. If it did not, force detection with. Then compile and install as usual. It can be achieved using a command like this:. DVB cards accept various widths, like , , , , , etc. You may want to move the image up a bit to get a bigger black zone for subtitles. To keep the aspect ratio of MPEG-4 DivX files and get the optimal scaling parameters hardware horizontal scaling and software vertical scaling while keeping the right aspect ratio , use the new dvbscale filter:.
Verify that your drivers are working properly with a program such as dvbstream that is the base of the DVB input module. If you have more than one card type e. Make sure that you have only Free to Air channels in your channels. In your audio and video fields you can use an extended syntax: You can also specify , this will select all pids on this frequency and you can then switch between the programs with TAB.
This might need more bandwidth, though cheap cards always transfer all channels at least to the kernel so it does not make much of a difference for these. Other possible uses are: If MPlayer complains frequently about. To show the first of the channels present in your list, run. If you have more than one card you also need to specify the number of the card where the channel is visible e. To change channels press the h next and k previous keys, or use the OSD menu. Overriding the action keys as preferred.
Notice that this switching mechanism will not work as expected when there are multiple audio and video streams in the multiplex. If you want to save a program to disk you can use. If you want to record it in a different format re-encoding it instead you can run a command such as. Read the man page for a list of options that you can pass to the DVB input module. If you have questions or want to hear feature announcements and take part in discussions on this subject, join our MPlayer-DVB mailing list.
Please remember that the list language is English.
First of all you will need properly installed DXR2 drivers. The overlay chipset used on the DXR2 is of pretty bad quality but the default settings should work for everybody. With the default colorkey settings you may get variable results, usually you will see the colorkey around the characters or some other funny effect. But if you properly adjust the colorkey settings you should be able to get acceptable results. Please see the man page for available options. The driver works by encoding the frame to JPEG and then sending it to the card.
For the JPEG encoding libavcodec is used, and required. With the special cinerama mode, you can watch movies in true wide screen provided that you have two beamers and two MJPEG cards. Depending on resolution and quality settings, this driver may require a lot of CPU power, remember to specify -framedrop if your machine is too slow. This driver talks to the kernel driver available at http: The presence of an MJPEG card is autodetected by the configure script, if autodetection fails, force detection with.
The output can be controlled by several options, a long description of the options can be found in the man page, a short list of options can be viewed by running. Things like scaling and the OSD on screen display are not handled by this driver but can be done using the video filters. There are three main possibilities, you may scale the movie to a width of , or The command line is.
Cropping can be done by the crop filter and by this driver itself. Suppose that a movie is too wide for display on your Buz and that you want to use -zrcrop to make the movie less wide, then you would issue the following command. Extra occurrences of -zrcrop invoke cinerama mode, i.
Suppose you have two beamers. Suppose also that you want the right beamer in black and white and that the left beamer should have JPEG frames at quality 10, then you would issue the following command. Finally an important remark: Do not start or stop XawTV on the playback device during playback, it will crash your computer. Although this is most probably the least used video output driver, without a doubt it is the coolest MPlayer has to offer. Just watch some of the Blinkenlights documentation videos. On the Arcade video you can see the Blinkenlights output driver in action at TV-out support 8.
You possibly want to put the above into a script, and also clear the screen. To turn the cursor back:. Change and if you set the resolution to other… Enjoy the ultra-fast ultra-featured Matrox TV output better than Xv! Building a Matrox TV-out cable No one takes any responsibility, nor guarantee for any damage caused by this documentation. Cable for G The ground are the sixth, seventh and eighth pins. The ground are the fifth, sixth, seventh, and fifteenth 5, 6, 7, 15 pins. Powerful CPU is needed, though. I will not describe the installation and configuration process because it does not cover the scope of this documentation.
The NeoMagic chip is found in a variety of laptops, some of them are equipped with a simple analog TV encoder, some have a more advanced one. Tested on a Tecra , 2. Chrontel 70xx encoder chip: You must use -vo vesa: It will provide TV output function in the following 16 bpp and 8 bpp modes: You must scale the image to a different resolution to activate TV out.
See the vbeSetTV function for details. Please contact the author in this case. Known issues: VESA-only, no other controls such as brightness, contrast, blacklevel, flickfilter are implemented. Chapter 9. Ports 9. Linux 9. Debian packaging 9. RPM packaging 9. ARM Linux 9. FreeBSD 9. OpenBSD 9. Darwin 9. Commercial Unix 9. Solaris 9. HP-UX 9. AIX 9. QNX 9. Windows 9.
Cygwin 9. MinGW 9. Mac OS 9. We have a list of places to get unofficial packages for various systems on our homepage. However, none of these packages are supported. Report problems to the authors, not to us. To build a Debian package, run the following command in the MPlayer source directory:. You can also pass some variables to the Makefile. For example, if you want to compile with gcc 3. Sharp Zaurus, Compaq Ipaq. The easiest way to obtain MPlayer is to get it from one of the OpenZaurus package feeds.
If you want to compile it yourself, you should look at the mplayer and the libavcodec directory in the OpenZaurus distribution buildroot. If you need a GUI frontend, you can use xmms-embedded. As of OpenBSD 3. Darwin See the Mac OS section. Commercial Unix MPlayer has been ported to a number of commercial Unix variants.
Since the development environments on these systems tend to be different from those found on free Unixes, you may have to make some manual adjustments to make the build work. MPlayer should work on Solaris 2. Use the SUN audio driver with the -ao sun option for sound. You do this at your own risk. Solutions to common problems:. This is because of a change to sysi86 in Solaris 10 and pre-Solaris Nevada b31 releases.
This has been fixed in Solaris Nevada b32; however, Sun has yet to backport the fix to Solaris The MPlayer Project has made Sun aware of the problem and a patch is currently in progress for Solaris More information about this bug can be found at: Due to a 32Bit int overflow, a disk address modulo 4GB is accessed http: With these instructions the build should work out of the box. You need GCC 3.
HP cc will not produce a working program, prior GCC versions are buggy. For OpenGL functionality you need to install Mesa and the gl and gl2 video output drivers should work, speed may be very bad, depending on the CPU speed, though. Create a link from the raw device to the DVD device. This means that the function. Instead there is. Use the latest Mesa depot file. Crash at playback with the following error message: Unresolved symbol: Possible causes: Segmentation fault Solution: You need to extend maxssiz and recompile the kernel and reboot. You can use SAM to do this.
While at it, check out the maxdsiz parameter for the maximum amount of data a program can use.
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It depends on your applications, if the default of 64MB is enough or not. CPU detection is still a work in progress. The following architectures have been tested:. This means AIX 5. This is because AIX uses non-standard character set names; therefore, converting MPlayer output to another character set is currently not supported. The solution is to use:. Then run MPlayer with -vo sdl: The -vo x11 output will be even slower than on Linux, since QNX has only X emulation which is very slow. It does not have an official GUI yet, but the command line version is completely functional.
You should check out the MPlayer-cygwin mailing list for help and latest information. Official Windows binaries can be found on the download page. Installer packages and simple GUI frontends are available from external sources, we have collected then in the Windows section of our projects page. If you wish to avoid using the command line, a simple trick is to put a shortcut on your desktop that contains something like the following in the execute section:.
This will make MPlayer play any movie that is dropped on the shortcut. Add -fs for fullscreen mode. Best results are achieved with the native DirectX video output driver -vo directx. If the image is distorted, try turning off hardware acceleration with -vo directx: Download DirectX 7 header files to compile the DirectX video output driver. Furthermore you need to have DirectX 7 or later installed for the DirectX video output driver to work. VIDIX now works under Windows as -vo winvidix , although it is still experimental and needs a bit of manual setup.
Download dhahelper. Open a console and type. After that you will have to reboot. For best results MPlayer should use a colorspace that your video card supports in hardware. Unfortunately many Windows graphics drivers wrongly report some colorspaces as supported in hardware. To find out which, try. Add this to your config file to permanently keep it from being used. There are special codec packages for Windows available on our download page to allow playing formats for which there is no native support yet.
Try making them writable if you have problems. You can play VCDs by playing the. DAT or. Redirecting output or using the -quiet option has been reported to improve performance on some systems. Direct rendering -dr may also help. If playback is jerky, try -autosync If some of these options help you, you may want to put them in your config file. If you have a Pentium 4 and are experiencing a crash using the RealPlayer codecs, you may need to disable hyperthreading support.
You need to run Cygwin 1. Instructions and files for making SDL run under Cygwin can be found on the libsdl site. The preferred compiler is the Apple version of GCC 3. If you have Mac OS X Unfortunately, this basic environment will not allow you to take advantage of all the nice features of MPlayer.
For instance, in order to have OSD support compiled in, you will need to have fontconfig and freetype libraries installed on your machine. There are at least two to choose from: Fink and MacPorts. Both of them provide about the same service i. Fink offers both precompiled binary packages or building everything from source, whereas MacPorts only offers building from source. The author of this guide chose MacPorts for the simple fact that its basic setup was more lightweight.
Later examples will be based on MacPorts. Then you can install fontconfig in a similar way:. Preview releases are available from our download page and an official release should arrive soon. To check out SVN modules use:. To begin with, in order to ensure maximum backwards compatibility, set an environment variable:. You may need to edit config. Continue with.
This will create a compressed. You can also use the Xcode 2. Chapter Basic usage of MEncoder Selecting codecs and container formats Selecting input file or device Encoding to Sony PSP video format Encoding to MPEG format Rescaling movies Stream copying Preserving aspect ratio For the complete list of available MEncoder options and examples, please see the man page. For a series of hands-on examples and detailed guides on using several encoding parameters, read the encoding-tips that were collected from several mailing list threads on MPlayer-users.
Search the archives here and especially for older things also here for a wealth of discussions about all aspects of and problems related to encoding with MEncoder. Audio and video codecs for encoding are selected with the -oac and -ovc options, respectively. Type for instance:. The following choices are available: Audio Codecs:.
Container formats:. As noted above, other container formats are usable, but you may experience problems when using them. If you selected libavformat to do the muxing of the output file by using the -of lavf , the appropriate container format will be determined by the file extension of the output file. As you can see, libavformat allows MEncoder to mux into a considerable variety of containers.
Unfortunately, as MEncoder was not designed from the beginning to support container formats other than AVI, your should really be paranoid about the resulting file. Simply include the filename on the command line to encode from a file, or dvd: If you have already copied a DVD to your hard drive you can use a tool such as dvdbackup , available on most systems , and wish to encode from the copy, you should still use the dvd: When encoding from DVD, it is often desirable to select a chapter or range of chapters to encode.
You can use the -chapter option for this purpose. For example, -chapter will only encode chapters 1 through 4 from the DVD. This is especially useful if you will be making a MB encode targeted for two CDs, since you can ensure the split occurs exactly at a chapter boundary rather than in the middle of a scene.
If you have a supported TV capture card, you can also encode from the TV-in device. Use tv: DVB input works similarly. In the second pass, the two pass output file is created, using the bitrate data from the temporary files. The resulting file will have much better image quality. If this is the first time you heard about this, you should consult some guides available on the net.
You should be safe if you respect the following constraints:. Creating an MPEG-1 file suitable to be played on systems with minimal multimedia support, such as default Windows installs:. If for some reason the video quality of the second pass did not satisfy you, you may re-run your video encode with a different target bitrate, provided that you saved the statistics file of the previous pass.
Often the need to resize movie images emerges. The reasons can be many: If you wish to rescale, read the Preserving aspect ratio section. The scaling process is handled by the scale video filter: Its quality can be set with the -sws option. If it is not specified, MEncoder will use 2: MEncoder can handle input streams in two ways: This section is about copying. Using -oac copy to copy from one container format to another may require the use of -fafmttag to keep the audio format tag of the original file.
For a list of audio format tags, check codecs. The explanation of the -mf option is in the man page. You can mix different types of images, regardless of the method you use — individual filenames, wildcard or file with list — provided of course they have the same dimensions. So you can e. They consist of a pair of files ending in. MPlayer can play these with the -vobsub and -vobsubid options. You specify the basename i. If the input is not from a DVD you should use -ifo to indicate the.
If the input is not from a DVD and you do not have the. Each run will append the running subtitle if the. So you should remove any before starting.
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Example Copying two subtitles from a DVD while doing two pass encoding. Rescaling the movie is disgusting and time consuming, there has to be a better way! There is MPEG-4 has a unique feature: Keep in mind: You seriously should crop the black bands over and below the movie image. See the man page for the usage of the cropdetect and crop filters. I do not care about file size, I just want the best quality.
Sure, your AVI will end up being 5GB, give or take, but if you want the best quality and do not care about size, this is certainly your best option. It is difficult to offer a cookbook recipe on how to create a very high quality DVD rip. There are several factors to consider, and you should understand these details or else you are likely to end up disappointed with your results.
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Below we will investigate some of these issues, and then have a look at an example. We assume you are using libavcodec to encode the video, although the theory applies to other codecs as well. If this seems to be too much for you, you should probably use one of the many fine frontends that are listed in the MEncoder section of our related projects page. That way, you should be able to achieve high quality rips without too much thinking, because most of those tools are designed to take clever decisions for you. Before you even think about encoding a movie, you need to take several preliminary steps.
The first and most important step before you encode should be determining what type of content you are dealing with. It is important to realize, however, that this is just the formatting for presentation on a television, and often does not correspond to the original format of the movie.
Experience shows that NTSC material is a lot more difficult to encode, because there more elements to identify in the source. In order to produce a suitable encode, you need to know the original format. Failure to take this into account will result in various flaws in your encode, including ugly combing interlacing artifacts and duplicated or even lost frames. Besides being ugly, the artifacts also harm coding efficiency: You will get worse quality per unit bitrate. Here is a list of common types of source material, where you are likely to find them, and their properties:.
Movies consisting of frames are referred to as progressive, while those consisting of independent fields are called either interlaced or video — though this latter term is ambiguous. To further complicate matters, some movies will be a mix of several of the above. The most important distinction to make between all of these formats is that some are frame-based, while others are field-based. Whenever a movie is prepared for display on television including DVD , it is converted to a field-based format.
Unless the original material was also field-based and the same fieldrate , you are getting the movie in a format other than the original. If you encounter such a movie and want to encode it, your best bet is to find a copy in the original format. Conversion between these two formats is highly destructive and cannot be reversed cleanly, so your encode will greatly suffer if it is made from a converted source.
When video is stored on DVD, consecutive pairs of fields are grouped as a frame, even though they are not intended to be shown at the same moment in time. The MPEG-2 standard used on DVD and digital TV provides a way both to encode the original progressive frames and to store the number of fields for which a frame should be shown in the header of that frame. This case is highly preferable since it can easily be reversed actually ignored by the encoder, and since it preserves maximal quality.
The procedures for dealing with these cases will be covered later in this guide. For now, we leave you with some guides to identifying which type of material you are dealing with:. MPlayer can slow down movie playback with the -speed option or play it frame-by-frame. Try using -speed 0.
Constant quantizer vs. With modern video encoders and a bit of pre-codec compression downscaling and denoising , it is possible to achieve very good quality at MB, for a minute widescreen movie. Furthermore, all but the longest movies can be encoded with near-perfect quality at MB.
There are three approaches to encoding the video: The complexity of the frames of a movie, and thus the number of bits required to compress them, can vary greatly from one scene to another. Modern video encoders can adjust to these needs as they go and vary the bitrate. In simple modes such as CBR, however, the encoders do not know the bitrate needs of future scenes and so cannot exceed the requested average bitrate for long stretches of time.
More advanced modes, such as multipass encode, can take into account the statistics from previous passes; this fixes the problem mentioned above. Most codecs which support ABR encode only support two pass encode while some others such as x , Xvid and libavcodec support multipass, which slightly improves quality at each pass, yet this improvement is no longer measurable nor noticeable after the 4th or so pass. Therefore, in this section, two pass and multipass will be used interchangeably. The lower the quantizer, the better the quality and higher the bitrate. The method the movie encoder uses to determine which quantizer to use for a given macroblock varies and is highly tunable.
This is an extreme over-simplification of the actual process, but the basic concept is useful to understand. When you specify a constant bitrate, the video codec will encode the video, discarding detail as much as necessary and as little as possible in order to remain lower than the given bitrate. If you truly do not care about file size, you could as well use CBR and specify a bitrate of infinity. In practice, this means a value high enough so that it poses no limit, like Kbit. With no real restriction on bitrate, the result is that the codec will use the lowest possible quantizer for each macroblock as specified by vqmin for libavcodec , which is 2 by default.
As soon as you specify a low enough bitrate that the codec is forced to use a higher quantizer, then you are almost certainly ruining the quality of your video. In order to avoid that, you should probably downscale your video, according to the method described later on in this guide. In general, you should avoid CBR altogether if you care about quality.
The resulting file is permanently synced up with the video. The following subtitle formats can be resynced: Multiple files can be uploaded at the same time, you can also upload a zip file. This tool will only work correctly if the subtitles and the video are out of sync by the same amount the whole video long. If, for example, the first half of your subtitles have a delay of 5 seconds, and the second half by 10 seconds, then this tool won't work.
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